## Light oil density table

Light crude oil: API gravity higher than 31.1 °API (less than 870 kg/m³) Medium crude oil: API gravity from 31.1 °API to 22.3 °API (870 to 920 kg/m³) Heavy crude oil: API gravity from 22.3 °API to 10 °API (920 to 1000 kg/m³)

Light crude oil is liquid petroleum that has a low density and flows freely at room temperature. It has a low viscosity, low specific gravity and high API gravity due  The American Petroleum Institute gravity, or API gravity, is a measure of how heavy or light a petroleum liquid is compared to water: if its API gravity is greater than 10, it is lighter and floats on water; if less than 10, it is heavier and sinks. API gravity is thus an inverse measure of a petroleum liquid's density relative Thus, a heavy oil with a specific gravity of 1.0 (i.e., with the same density as  Light. Medium. Heavy. Extra Heavy. API Definition. Gravity. Gravity ≠ Viscosity. The term “Heavy Oil” is a reference to the high density. (API Gravity) of those oils. Apricot kernel oil, 25, 910. Argan seed oil, 20, 912. Automobile oils, 15, 880 - 940 . Avacado pulp oil, 25, 912. Babassu palm oil, 25, 914. Beef tallow (land  Variations in crude oil density are shown as function of temperatur, together with You have 100 liters of a light crude oil with a density of 761 kg/m3 at 50°C. What is Conversion calculator API - specific gravity; Autoignition temperature and

## Saturated hydrocarbons are most abundant in light crude oils, which are the least dense and least TABLE 2-3 Density Comparison of Typical Crude Oilsa

Density of oil at 20 deg C and zero overpressure is calculated according to the formula Coefficient of volumetric expansion at 15 deg C is calculated according to the formula where , Light crude oil: API gravity higher than 31.1 °API (less than 870 kg/m³) Medium crude oil: API gravity from 31.1 °API to 22.3 °API (870 to 920 kg/m³) Heavy crude oil: API gravity from 22.3 °API to 10 °API (920 to 1000 kg/m³) API gravity is calculated using the specific gravity of an oil, which is nothing more than the ratio of its density to that of water (density of the oil/density of water). Specific gravity for API calculations is always determined at 60 degrees Fahrenheit. crude oil fluid properties One of the most challenging aspects of determining the performance of a crude oil piping system is determining the fluid properties necessary for hydraulic analysis. Properties critical to accurate results such as viscosity, density and vapor pressure can vary significantly because the molecular makeup varies widely Importantly, properties of the residual oil change as the light components of the oil are removed. Density Given that the density of fresh water is 1.00 g/cm 3 at environmental temperatures and the densities of crude oils commonly range from 0.7 to 0.99 g/cm 3 (see Table 2-3 ), most oils will float on freshwater. density at 60°F is 0.999 or almost 1 g/cm3, thus The American Petroleum Institute (API) defined the API gravity (degrees API) to quantify the quality of petroleum products and crude oils. The density of the oils varies with each type and temperature. The range is from 0.91 to 0.93 g/cm 3 between the temperatures of 15 °C and 25 °C. Comparing to water, whose density is 1.00 g/ml, cooking oil is less dense.

### Variations in crude oil density are shown as function of temperatur, together with You have 100 liters of a light crude oil with a density of 761 kg/m3 at 50°C. What is Conversion calculator API - specific gravity; Autoignition temperature and

by reason of the use of two so-called Baum6 scales for light liquids, the American . Petroleum The arrangement of the tables and also the density and tem-. light volatile oils to 60 lbm/ft3 for heavy crudes with little or no solu- TABLE 3.1 —CONSTANTS FOR ALANI-KENNEDY61 OIL DENSITY CORRELATION. 26 Jun 2013 Density ranges from light to heavy, while sulfur content is characterized as sweet or sour. The crude oils represented in the chart are a selection  API gravity is a commonly used index of the density of a crude oil or refined products. Light crude is typically in the 35-45 API range, which includes most of the  Since crude oils and petroleum products have relatively high coefficients of thermal The temperature volume correction factor tables (petroleum measurement the hardcopy printed tables nor the set of equations used to represent the density data, Table 2 shows defining limits of correction factors for light hydrocarbons

### Classes of crude oil are often reported on the basis of density, sometimes with different meanings. Acceptable ranges are as follows: Light: less than 870 kg/m3

vegetable oils the term litre-weight is used in stead of apparent density. Specific gravity 8.2 Adjust the temperature of the sample in accordance with Table 2. the hydrometer cylinder before cooling otherwise some light ends will be lost. A summary of selected chemical and physical properties of crude oils and condensates These samples tabulated density at 15ºC, and vapour pressure in kilopascals (kPa), Click here for a copy of Table 5: Tank Utilization (effective Nov. Abstract—Density and refractive index of light crude oil (API = 46.2) TABLE 1. MEASURED DENSITY AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES OF HYDROCARBON. The American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity, a measure of oil density, Table 5: Oil Terms. API range. Density*. Region. Light. >31.1° API. <0.87 g/mL. Kinematic viscosity is the ratio of the absolute viscosity to the density. For Grade ASTM No.6 fuel oil, the amount of sediment by extraction shall not (Light ), ASTM No.4(Light) is usually a light residual but it sometimes is a heavy distillate. that utilized oil density at initial reservoir pressure and at bubble point pressure. Vargas The refractive index of light crude oils can be directly measured using conventional The related correlation precision indicators are pointed in Table 1 .

## In general the relative density of most oils, both mineral and vegetable, is between 0,840 and 0,960 . A simple and general oil definition could be: oils are fatty substances that are in liquid state at room temperature. Oils are usually classified by its origin. Mainly they are vegetable oils or mineral oils.

Oils and fats. 30. - Oils. 23. - Fats and others. 7. Cereals and cereal products. 130 Table 2. Densities and specific gravities of foods. Food name and description Beer, light. 1.00. 1.00. USDA x. Beer, light, BUD LIGHT. 1.00. 1.00. USDA. crude oil. The tables are entered with density differentials at standard conditions and percentage light hydrocarbon in total mix. This standard supersedes and  Classes of crude oil are often reported on the basis of density, sometimes with different meanings. Acceptable ranges are as follows: Light: less than 870 kg/m3   vegetable oils the term litre-weight is used in stead of apparent density. Specific gravity 8.2 Adjust the temperature of the sample in accordance with Table 2. the hydrometer cylinder before cooling otherwise some light ends will be lost. A summary of selected chemical and physical properties of crude oils and condensates These samples tabulated density at 15ºC, and vapour pressure in kilopascals (kPa), Click here for a copy of Table 5: Tank Utilization (effective Nov. Abstract—Density and refractive index of light crude oil (API = 46.2) TABLE 1. MEASURED DENSITY AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES OF HYDROCARBON.

vegetable oils the term litre-weight is used in stead of apparent density. Specific gravity 8.2 Adjust the temperature of the sample in accordance with Table 2. the hydrometer cylinder before cooling otherwise some light ends will be lost. A summary of selected chemical and physical properties of crude oils and condensates These samples tabulated density at 15ºC, and vapour pressure in kilopascals (kPa), Click here for a copy of Table 5: Tank Utilization (effective Nov.